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  • L-Carnitine

    Maintains healthy muscle function

  • Brand:
    Carniking®
    Source:
    Switzerland
    Manufacturer:
    Lonza

What is it?

L-carnitine is a naturally occurring amino acid derivative of carnitine.

What does it do?

L-carnitine helps cells utilize fatty acids for energy, especially in the muscles. Studies also suggest it can aid exercise recovery and encourage muscle growth.

Why we chose it

L-carnitine is formulated exclusively for animals and is the only carnitine in the world that has been clinically proven safe and effective for canine consumption.

Why not a generic L-Carnitine?

Formulated exclusively for animals, our L-Carnitine is the only one in the world that’s been proven safe and effective in dogs.

Evidence

Key Findings

Dogs taking Carniking® gained significantly* more lean muscle mass after a 14 week exercise program, compared to the control group.

Utilisation of supplemented l-carnitine for fuel efficiency, as an antioxidant, and for muscle recovery in Labrador retrievers
Varney, J. L.et al (2017). Journal of Nutritional Science, vol. 6, e8, page 1 of 9
Participants
56 Labradors, 1-4 years old
Length
14 weeks

Further Research

Identification of a canine model of pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase 1 deficiency
Cameron, J. M. et al (2007). Molecular Genetics and Metabolism, 90(1), pp. 15–23.
Supplemental Conditionally Essential Nutrients in Cardiovascular Disease Therapy.
Kendler, B. S. et al (2006). Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 21(1), pp. 9–16.
Evolution of blood parameters during weight loss in experimental obese Beagle dogs
Diez, M. et al (2004). J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr, 88(3–4), pp. 166–171.
Role of L-carnitine in the prevention of acute liver damage induced by carbon tetrachloride in rats
Demirdag, K. et al (2004). J Gastroenterol Hepatol, 19(3), pp. 333–338.
Pharmacokinetics of L-Carnitine
Evans, A. M. et al (2003). Clinical Pharmacokinetics, 42(11), pp. 941–967.
Fat nutrition and metabolism in piglets: a review
Gu, X. et al (2003). Animal Feed Science and Technology, 109(1–4), pp. 151–170.
Effect of L-Carnitine on Weight Loss and Body Composition of Rats Fed a Hypocaloric Diet
Brandsch, C. et al (2002). Ann Nutr Metab, 46(5), pp. 205–210.
Carnitine: A Review.
Carroll, M.C. et al (2001). Small animal / exotics compendium, 23 (1).
Case Report: Efficacy of Oral Carnitine Therapy for Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Boxer Dogs
Costa, N. D. et al (1994). , 124(suppl_12), pp. 2687S-2692S.
Myocardial L-carnitine Deficiency in a Family of Dogs With Dilated Cardiomyopathy.
Keene, B. W. et al (1991). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 198(4), pp. 647–650.