Written by FOTP Team
It can be very distressing to see your dog vomiting yellow bile, but it's important you know what it is and how to deal with it.
If your dog is throwing up yellow bile, it might simply be because they have an empty stomach, and the gastric acids are causing irritation to the stomach lining. However, it’s important to avoid dismissing yellow bile as a sign that your dog is hungry as there are some other possible causes. A yellow foreign object or substance that your dog has eaten might be the culprit, or it could be a sign of a more serious condition such as indigestion, bilious vomiting syndrome, or liver disease.
If your dog is vomiting yellow, you should keep a close eye on them for other signs and symptoms such as weakness, lethargy, and a loss of appetite.
Vomit that is yellow in colour will generally consist of bile and stomach acids. Stomach acids, which are produced in the stomach play an important role in helping with digestion while bile, which is stored in the liver further assists with digestion by entering the duodenum, which is located just past the stomach.
When a dog vomits a yellow liquid, there could be a simple explanation - their stomach is empty. If that is the case the gastric acids can cause irritation to the lining of the stomach, which in turn causes the dog to vomit. This can explain why some dogs might throw up when they are hungry.
However, there are various other problems that can cause a dog to vomit, so it’s important not to completely dismiss your dog’s yellow bile vomit as a sign of hunger until you have investigated the cause further.
In some cases, for example, your dog might have yellow vomit if they have eaten something they shouldn’t that is yellow in colour, and they are struggling to digest it. Along with this, there are many other potential reasons for why your dog might be vomiting yellow bile. This can include:
In many cases, the vomiting will resolve by itself and will be little cause for concern. However, it’s important to bear in mind that any kind of vomiting can be a sign of a more serious illness, particularly if it happens frequently.
If you notice your dog bringing up yellow bile as a one-off, it’s usually not a concern. Keep a close eye on your dog for other symptoms and signs such as diarrhoea, lethargy, weakness, and a loss of appetite. If your dog seems to be normal, then keep an eye out for other signs of vomiting.
If the vomiting continues, you should skip your dog’s next meal and continue to keep an eye on them. After skipping one meal, offer the next one and continue to keep watching for more vomiting and other signs of illness.
If your dog vomits more than twice over a twenty-four-hour period or if daily vomiting continues for a few days, it’s time to contact your vet. You should also take your dog to the vet if you notice any other signs of illness.
In most cases, vomiting yellow will be a one-off occurrence that will not be a huge cause for concern. However, if your dog needs to be seen by a vet, your vet will first perform a thorough examination of the dog. Speak to your vet about your dog’s short- and long-term medical history, including any information about their current diet and medications. Remember to share any information on anything that you think your dog might have eaten such as dangerous foods, plants, or chemicals.
If your dog stops vomiting by themselves, great news. If they continue vomiting go to the vet and they will prescribe the best treatment which might range from X-rays, urine tests, and ultrasounds, but your vet will know best.
There are various causes of vomiting in dogs, including the following:
The best way to prevent vomiting in dogs is to keep your dog away from any items that he or she should not chew, lick, or eat. However, there is of course sometimes no way of preventing your dog from vomiting as many illnesses can occur without a known cause. The good news is that there are several things that you can do to reduce the risk of your dog vomiting. These include:
Vomiting yellow bile once might be a sign that their stomach is empty, and they are hungry. If there are no other signs and symptoms of illness present, then continue to feed your dog as normal and keep a close eye on them. If your dog was vomiting due to an empty stomach, then it should subside as soon as they eat something.
On the other hand, you should skip your dog’s next meal if they vomit again. You may also want to consider feeding them something plain like boiled chicken and rice to see if this helps. After skipping one meal, offer your dog their next meal as normal and continue to monitor them. Contact your vet if the vomiting continues or if they are showing other signs and symptoms of being unwell.
We hope this article has provided some helpful guidance on possible causes of dogs vomiting yellow and advice if your dog is experiencing this. Most of the time, a dog vomiting yellow bile is a sign of an empty stomach and will not be a cause for concern. However, it’s important to monitor your dog since it can be a sign of a more serious issue.